Children’s health fact sheets

Children’s Health Queensland is committed to providing patients and families with quality, up-to-date and easy-to-understand child health information. Our fact sheets have been developed for parents, carers, and young people, and cover a range of medical conditions and treatments.


This information is intended to support, not replace, discussion with doctors and other healthcare professionals. Always seek medical advice about any health concerns you have about your child. Children’s Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service accepts no responsibility for any inaccuracies, information perceived as misleading, or the success of any treatment regimen detailed in these fact sheets. These facts sheets are updated regularly, so please ensure you have the most recent version.

Fact sheets
Abduction wedge usage
Adductor lengthening
Allergy - Food allergies
Allergy - Hay fever (allergic rhinitis)
Allergy - Hives
Allergy - Latex
Allergy - Reducing allergens in the home
Amblyopia treatment
Preparing for your child’s surgery – fasting
Anaesthesia for cardiac surgery
Anaesthesia and your child
Ankle foot orthosis
Ankle foot orthosis – R-wrap
Arrhythmias in children
Translated versions

Auditory brainstem response test using sedation or a general anaesthetic

ABR, audiology, hearing test

Baby umbilical cord stump and belly button care
Betadine and mepitel daily dressings
Blocked tear duct (nasolacrimal duct obstruction)
Bone marrow aspirate
Bottle feeding safety tips
Botulinum Toxin-A: considerations after injection
Botulinum Toxin-A: exercises following injection into calf muscles
Botulinum Toxin-A: exercises following injection into hamstring muscles
Botulinum Toxin-A: treating spasticity
Botulinum Toxin-A: what to expect on injecting day
Buckle fractures
Brain injury (acquired) and your child
Breastfeeding - baby with a cardiac condition
Breastfeeding - blocked milk ducts and mastitis
Breastfeeding - expressing breast milk for your baby
Breastfeeding - Increasing your breast milk supply


Breastfeeding while your child is having chemotherapy treatment for cancer
Breastfeeding - is my baby getting enough breast milk?
Breastfeeding - nipple shields for breastfeeding
Breastfeeding - suppressing lactation
Translated versions

Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae
Carbapenem-resistant pseudomonas
Cardiac - admissions
Cardiac - catheterisation
Cardiac catheterisation - caring for your child at home
Cardiac - catheter preadmission
Cardiac - cardiopulmonary bypass
Cardiac - infective endocarditis
Cardiac - surgery (care at home after discharge)
Cardiac - congenital heart defect
Cardiac - dental health and congenital heart disease (CHD)
Cardiac - surgery (what to expect after)
Cardiac - surgical preadmission
Cardiac - Vocal cord palsy following cardiac surgery

voice, swallowing

Caring for your child after a peripheral nerve block
Caring for your device/frame
Cast and limb care
Cast care - after removal
Cast care - minerva jacket
Cast care - pavlik harness
Cellulitis (skin infection)
Translated versions

Cerebral palsy – common nutrition concerns
Cerebral palsy – fluid needs
Cerebral palsy – helping your child gain weight
Cerebral palsy – minced and moist foods
Cerebral palsy – managing constipation
Cerebral palsy – preparing for surgery
Cerebral palsy – smooth pureed foods
Cerebral palsy – soft foods
Cerebral palsy – weight management
Cleft palate
Cleft lip
Clostridium difficile
Coeliac disease
Translated versions

COVID-19 – helping your child to recover

FS151, COVID-19, coronavirus, SARS-Cov-2

COVID-19 and children

FS139, COVID-19, coronavirus, SARS-Cov-2

Cranial vault surgery wound care
Cranial vault surgery - how to prepare
Craniosynostosis surgical techniques
Translated versions

Desmopressin for bleeding disorders
Developmental language disorder

FS046, DLD, expressive-receptive language disorder, specific language Impairment

Diabetes - Type 1
Diabetes - Type 2
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Diabetic retinopathy
Dysphagia safety – thickened fluids for children
Dysphagia (swallowing difficulties) in children
Eczema - bathing your child
Eczema - using wet wraps
Enoxaparin (Clexane) - What is
Epidermolysis Bullosa
Extended spectrum beta lactamase
External ventricular drain
Eye drop instructions
Eye patches
Faecal incontinence
Febrile convulsions
Translated versions

Feeding and swallowing after surgery


Feeding and swallowing during chemotherapy


Feeding and swallowing during radiotherapy


Femoral varising de-rotation osteotomy
Translated versions

Fibrous dysplasia
Flexible bronchoscopy
Foods – drinks not safe for children on thickened fluids
Fracture - collarbone
Fracture - elbow
Fracture - finger or toe
Fracture - foot
Translated versions

Gender identity


Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP)
Translated versions

Grommets - insertion
Head injury - returning to sport
Head injury - returning to school
Head injury recovery
Head lice
Headaches and migraines
Translated versions

Head injury care after discharge
Translated versions


bleed bleeding haematology

Haemophilia - managing at school


Healthy sleep in children
Hearing milestones for your baby
Helping your child live with a rheumatic condition

FS217, Rheumatology, JIA, rheumatic conditions, rheumatic disease, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile dermatomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus, lupus, juvenile scleroderma

Hepatitis C
Hip spica
Hip surveillance
How sleep can be affected by oncology treatment
How to use crutches

FS010, crutches, using crutches, leg injury, physiotherapy

Increasing your milk supply when your baby is not breastfeeding


Infant mild brain injury (concussion)
Infant seizures
Infant seizures - how to manage
Influenza (flu) and children

FS057, flu, influenza

Intrathecal Baclofen therapy (information for parents)
Inguinal hernia
Intrathecal Baclofen therapy (information for therapists)
Intrathecal Baclofen therapy (information on test dose)
Jaundice in newborns
Joint injections

FS213, JIA, joint injections, rheumatology, arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Klippel trenaunay syndrome (KTS)
Managing flare-ups of juvenile idiopathic arthritis

FS357, Rheumatology, JIA, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, flare-ups, flares

Medication for inflammatory bowel disease IBD
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
Middle ear infection
Translated versions

Acute otitis media

Mild bleeding disorders - managing at school


Music and my baby at home
Music and my child at home
Music therapy
Neurosurgical wound care
Nitrous oxide
Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis
Nosebleed (epistaxis)
Obstructive sleep apnoea in children with Down syndrome
Oral health care in children

teeth cleaning

Oral health care in children with swallowing difficulties
Orthopaedic procedures for cerebral palsy
Orthopaedic Trauma Clinic
Paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome

COVID-19, Paediatric Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome, PIMS-TS, PIMS, COVID

Physiotherapy advice for acute shoulder injuries and after surgery
Pressure injuries (preventing)
Pre-school wheeze
Translated versions

Propranolol therapy and infantile haemangiomas
Puffers and spacers
Translated versions

Pyloric stenosis
Renal - Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
Renal - Caring for your child after a kidney transplant
Renal transplant information
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)

FS064, RSV, Respiratory syncytial virus, virus


FS054, Retinoblastoma, eye cancer, ophthalmology

Rheumatic diseases in children

FS216, Rheumatology, JIA, rheumatic conditions, rheumatic disease, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile dermatomyositis; systemic lupus erythematosus, lupus, juvenile scleroderma

Scarlet fever in children
Translated versions

Seizures – first aid
Translated versions

Selective dorsal rhizotomy
Serial casting - lower limb
Shunt surgery
Sickle cell disease - managing at school


Skin grafting and debridement
Skin lesion removal
Sleep apnoea
Sleeping issues in babies and toddlers with Down syndrome
Spinal cord detethering


Sprain - Lateral ankle sprain
Sprain - Caring for a soft tissue injury (sprain)
Tenckhoff catheter - care
Testicular torsion
Testing your child’s vision
Testing your child’s vision LEA Symbols
Thrush in babies

FS047, Breastfeeding

Tongue-tie in babies
Tonsillectomy - encouraging drinking after surgery
Tracheostomy tubes
Tracheostomy tubes – communication options
Tracheostomy tubes – feeding, eating and drinking
Tracheostomy tubes – using a speaking valve
Undescended testes and orchidopexy
Urinary tract infection
Translated versions

Collecting a urine sample
Translated versions

Upper limb splints
Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus
Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus – going home
Vascular anomalies
Videofluoroscopic swallow study
Viral illness
Translated versions

Vocal cord palsy

voice, swallowing

Von Rosen splint
Whooping cough (Bordetella pertussis)
Wound care after surgery
Wound care after glue or stitches
Translated versions



Bones (Orthopaedics)


Breastfeeding (Lactation)

Breathing (Respiratory) and Sleep

Cerebral palsy

Diabetes (Endocrinology)

Ear, Nose and Throat (Otolaryngology)





Heart (Cardiac)


Mental health

Music Therapy

Neurology (Neurosciences)






Skin (Dermatology)

Speech Pathology